What is Pupil Premium?
The pupil premium is additional funding for publicly funded schools in England to raise the attainment of disadvantaged pupils and close the gap between them and their peers. Introduced in April 2011, the pupil premium is allocated to children who are looked after by the local authority, those who have been eligible for Free School Meals (FSM) at any point in the last six years (also known as Ever 6 FSM) and for children whose parents are currently serving in the armed forces. From April 2014 children who are looked after attract a higher rate of funding than children from low-income families - the ‘Pupil Premium Plus’. This is to reflect the unique challenges they face at school where they often struggle to keep up with their peers at both primary and secondary level.
Schools are free to spend the Pupil Premium as they see fit. However, they will be held accountable for how they have used the additional funding to support pupils from low-income families. The main purpose of the grant is to diminish the difference between Pupil Premium pupils and Non-Pupil Premium pupils.
Funding for financial year 2016 to 2017
In the 2016 to 2017 financial year, schools will receive the following funding for each pupil registered as eligible for free school meals (FSM) at any point in the last 6 years:
- £1,320 for pupils in reception to year 6
- £935 for pupils in year 7 to year 11
- Schools will receive £1,900 for any pupil:
- a special guardianship order
- a child arrangements order (previously known as a residence order)
- who has been in local-authority care for 1 day or more
- recorded as both eligible for FSM in the last 6 years and as being looked after (or as having left local-authority care)
For the pupils who attract the £1,900 rate, the virtual school head of the local authority that looks after the pupil will manage the funding.
Information from The Government:
The Secretary of State for Education lays down the following terms and conditions on which assistance is given in relation to the pupil premium grant (PPG) payable to schools and local authorities for the financial year beginning 1 April 2017. PPG provides funding for two policies:
- raising the attainment of disadvantaged pupils of all abilities to reach their potential
- supporting children and young people with parents in the regular armed forces
Rates for eligible pupils
The PPG per pupil for 2017 to 2018 is as follows:
Disadvantaged pupils Pupil premium per pupil
Pupils in year groups reception to year 6 as recorded as Ever 6 FSM £1,320
Pupils in years 7 to 11 recorded as Ever 6 FSM £935
Looked after children (LAC) defined in Children Act 1989 as one who is in the care of, or provided with accommodation by, an English local authority £1,900
Children who have ceased to be looked after by a local authority in England and Wales because of adoption, a special guardianship order, a child arrangements order or a residence order £1,900
Pupils in year groups reception to year 11 recorded as Ever 6 service child or in receipt of child pension from the Ministry of Defence £300
Ever 6 FSM
The pupil premium for 2017 to 2018 will include pupils recorded in the January 2017 school census who are known to have been eligible for free school meals (FSM) since May 2011, as well as those first known to be eligible at January 2017.
Children adopted from care or who have left care
The pupil premium for 2017 to 2018 will include pupils recorded in the January 2017 school census and alternative provision census who were looked after by an English or Welsh local authority immediately before being adopted, or who left local authority care on a special guardianship order or child arrangements order (previously known as a residence order). These are collectively referred to as post-LAC in these conditions of grant.
Ever 6 service child
For the purposes of these grant conditions, ever 6 service child means a pupil recorded in the January 2017 school census who was eligible for the service child premium since the January 2012 census as well as those recorded as a service child for the first time on the January 2017 school census.
The grant will be allocated as set out in sections 4, 5 and 6 below. Where national curriculum year groups do not apply to a pupil, the pupil will attract PPG if aged 4 to 15 as recorded in the January 2017 school census.
Allocations to schools
For the purposes of these conditions of grant, mainstream school means infant, junior, primary, middle, secondary, high schools, special school and pupil referral units. It does not include general hospital schools or other alternative provision.
DfE will allocate PPG to schools and local authorities (who must allocate for each FTE pupil on the January 2017 school census, at each school they maintain) the following amounts:
£1,320 per pupil for each Ever 6 FSM full time equivalent (FTE) pupil aged 4 and over in year groups reception to year 6, except where the pupil is allocated the LAC or post-LAC premium
£935 per pupil for each Ever 6 FSM FTE in year groups 7 to 11, except where the pupil is allocated the LAC or post-LAC Premium
£1,900 per pupil for each post-LAC in year groups reception to year 11
£300 for each pupil aged 4 and over in year groups reception to year 11 who is either Ever 6 service child FTE or in receipt of pensions under the Armed Forces Compensation Scheme (AFCS) and the War Pensions Scheme (WPS)
For pupils recorded aged 5 and over on the school census, PPG will be allocated on the basis of sole and dual main registrations only.
Local authorities must make the grant available to their schools irrespective of any deficit relating to the expenditure of the school’s budget share. PPG is not part of schools’ budget shares and is not part of the individual schools budget. It is not to be counted for the purpose of calculating the minimum funding guarantee.
Terms on which PPG is allocated to schools
The grant may be spent in the following ways:
- for the purposes of the school, that is for the educational benefit of pupils registered at that school
- for the benefit of pupils registered at other maintained schools or academies
- on community facilities; for example, services whose provision furthers any charitable purpose for the benefit of pupils at the school or their families, or people who live or work in the locality in which the school is situated
The grant does not have to be completely spent by schools in the financial year beginning 1 April 2017, some or all of it may be carried forward to future financial years.
Pupil numbers used to calculate PPG
ESFA calculates the allocation using:
- the number of pupils recorded on the January 2017 school census who are Ever 6 FSM (not eligible for the LAC and post-LAC premium)
- post-LAC pupils
- Ever 6 service child FTE pupils aged 4 and over in year groups reception to year 11
- The LAC numbers are updated in December 2017 as set out in below. This means that some schools could see a small reduction in the number of Ever 6 FSM pupils counted for their pupil premium allocation, if the pupil is identified as LAC in the update. In these cases, the schools concerned would see a reduction in their pupil premium allocation.
What must go on the school’s website regarding pupil premium
You must publish a strategy for the school’s use of the pupil premium. You no longer have to publish a ‘pupil premium statement’.
For the current academic year, you must include:
- your school’s pupil premium grant allocation amount
- a summary of the main barriers to educational achievement faced by eligible pupils at the school
- how you’ll spend the pupil premium to overcome those barriers and the reasons for that approach
- how you’ll measure the effect of the pupil premium
- the date of the next review of the school’s pupil premium strategy
- For the previous academic year, you must include:
- how you spent the pupil premium allocation
- the effect of the expenditure on eligible and other pupils
Pupil premium funding is allocated for each financial year, but the information you publish online should refer to the academic year, as this is how parents understand the school system.
As you won’t know allocations for the end of the academic year (April to July), you should report on the funding up to the end of the financial year and update it when you have all the figures.
- Different ways of teaching are in place so that the child is fully involved in learning in class. This may involve things like using more practical learning.
Information about our Pupil Preimium Spending
The whole school approach is shown here